Submission Preparation ChecklistAs part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
It is imperative for Authors to:
- read the aims and scope to gain an overview and assess a is suitable for this journal;
- use the Microsoft Word template to prepare their manuscript;
- ensure issues about publication ethics, research ethics, copyright, authorship, figure formats, data and references format have been appropriately addressed; and
- ensure that all co-authors have approved the content of the submitted manuscript.
- submit the manuscripts in British English (E.g. behaviour and not behavior); and the length of the manuscript must not exceed 7000 words.
- submit manuscript in MS-WORD format.
The following must be considered in the preparation of the manuscript for publication in JGBSD:
- Cover Page: Title, Author(s) Name(s), Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords
- Research manuscript sections: Background, Research Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations.
- Back Page: References, Appendix, Acknowledgments, Author Contributions, declaration on issues of conflicts of interest.
A review manuscript should comprise the cover page, literature review sections and the back page. The literature review sections should consist of theoretical and empirical review, deductions from the review, conclusions and recommendations.
Additional Requirements on Manuscript preparation
Authors should define abbreviations and acronyms in parentheses the first time they are used and subsequently use them in their write-up. Moreover, the use of abbreviations must not contain full stops. Abbreviations like ECOWAS must not be written as E.C.O.W.A.S. As much as possible, there should not be such acronyms or abbreviations in the title of the paper.
Moreover, international system of units of measurement should be used. Tables, equations and diagrams should be left in a format that can be edited. Equations should be written using Microsoft Equation Editor or the MathType.
In using numerals between 1 and 9, authors must write one, instead of (1), up to nine and not (9). Number from 10 could be written 10 instead of the word ten. This does not apply to numbers in a Table or a Figure
Presenting the Cover Page
The cover page should contain the following:
- Writing the Title of the Paper: The title of the submission should be concise, specific and relevant. It should highlight the location of the study or elements involved, where necessary. Authors should avoid using abbreviations in the title for the paper. The title of the manuscript format must not exceed ten words and must not start with articles like An, The, etc.
- Author Information: Full names of Author must be provided when making the submission. The names must be written without any abbreviation, starting with the first name, followed by family name. It is more preferred that the one who does the submission acts as the liaison between the Journal and the author(s). There should be a title page, including the affiliation(s) and email address(es) of author(s). This should be separate from the manuscript.
- Developing the Abstract: The abstract must not exceed 250 words. It should not be divided into paragraphs. It should provide a summary of the research problem, the objective, the research approach, conclusions and recommendation.
- Keywords: Three to five pertinent keywords need to be added after the abstract.
- JEL Classification Codes
Research Manuscript Sections
- Background: This should clearly indicate the motivation for the study and the research objective(s). The existing state of the research field should be reviewed, indicating the theory underpinning the present work. The research gap must clearly be defined, emerging hypotheses stated where it is relevant. The remaining sections of the paper must be stated.
- Research Methods: The paper should clearly define the research design, research method, population, sampling procedure, data type and source. This should be specific and detailed to enhance replicability. Names and versions of software must be provided. A copy of research instrument must be attached as an appendix.
- Results and Discussion: Results must be presented, interpreted and blended with its discussion and implications. Results must be presented thematically or according to the research objectives.
- Conclusions and Recommendation: conclusion must be drawn from the results and recommendations made.
- Reference: Authors are required to use the APA referencing style.
Main Body of Manuscripts
The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Background", appear in initial caps and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Background to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc must be used. The font size for heading is 11 points bold face and subsections (including keywords) with 10 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place descriptions of tables above the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables does not duplicate results described elsewhere in the paper.
- Appendix: Describe any supplementary material published online alongside the manuscript (figure, tables, video, spreadsheets, etc.). Tables, Figures and Diagrams must be clearly labelled.
- Acknowledgments: For funded project and study, the funding sources in the form of grants or others must be made known. Authors who want to provide an acknowledgements must do so in not more than three sentences and this must come at end of the paper.
- Author Contributions: For research articles by several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided. The following statements should be used: "X and Y conceived and designed the experiments; X performed the experiments; Y analysed the data; W contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools; Y wrote the paper."
In the text, reference should be written as follows:
- One author in beginning a sentence – According to Hagan (2016)……..
- Two authors beginning a sentence – In the view of Hagan and Bart (2016)…..
- Three or more authors beginning a sentence – previous study by Hill et al (2011).
- One Author in the middle of the sentence – Science is the source of life (Hagan, 2016).
- Two Authors in the middle of a sentence. Science is life (Jon & Joh, 2016).
The out of text reference should follow the 6th APA referencing style. See
The following examples illustrate the referencing format:
1) Journal articles from online source
Adu, A. (2017). Public perception about environment. Journal of Environment, 23, 635-647. doi:10.1037/0278-68188.8.131.52
Adu, A. (2017). Public perception about environment. Journal of Environment, 23, 635-647. Retrieved from http://www.environ.com.
2) Journal article, two authors
Badu, M. A., & Roland, T. P. (2016). Waste management in rural Ghana. Journal of Waste Management, 32, 230-343. doi:10.1037/0278-68184.108.40.206
3) Journal article, three to six authors
Ante, M. J., Jump, K., Boye, B. B., & Soye, T. Q. D. (2016). Governance in Africa, 101, 80-87. doi:10.1037/0278-68220.127.116.11
4) Book, one author
Addo, K. A. (2015). Urban sanitation. Accra: Universities Press.
5) Edited book
Boo, A., & Kabba, T. Y. (Eds.). (2018). Trade in E-Waste. Accra: Way Press
6) Chapter from edited book
Ashanti, A. A., & Paye, S. L. (2016). Financing Waste in Africa. In R. Sathy & D. R. Haigh (Eds.), Waste education. Takoradi, Temple Press.
7) Government document
The Water and Health Report. (2016). Water for Life. Ho: Ghana Government Statistical Service.
8) Web page with private organization
Rural Sanitation Programme. (2014). Sanitation in Rural Communities. Retrieved from http://www.src.poverty/publications.html
Citations and references in supplementary files are permitted provided that they also appear in the reference list of the main text.
Preparing Figures, Schemes and Tables
As part of formatting the paper for submission, figures and schemes must be left in the document. If images or photos are used, they must be of high resolution of not below 1000 pixels width/height, or a resolution of 300 dpi or higher. Standard format used include JPEG and PDF. They should be numbered and have short titles. The font size in tables may have to be, at least, 8pt. Authors are supposed to leave their figures, schemes and tables in black and white and not in colour.